Vaccinations

Every year in India about 2 million children lose their lives to preventable diseases such as diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella,tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

These diseases can be prevented by immunising your children from birth to 5 years of age with a series of free vaccinations from the government.

vRemind follows the IAP (India Academy of Pediatrics) - recommended calendar to send out timely vaccination reminders. At times you doctor may suggest additional vaccinations depending on the situation. Please check with doctor for need and affordability of those vaccines.

About Immunisation

Immunisation protects people against harmful infections before they come into contact with them in the community. Immunisation uses the body's natural defense mechanism - the immune response - to build resistance to specific infections. Immunisation helps people stay healthy by preventing serious infections.

All forms of immunisation work in the same way. When a person is vaccinated, their body produces an immune response in the same way their body would after exposure to a disease, but without the person suffering symptoms of the disease. When a person comes in contact with that disease in the future, their immune system will respond fast enough to prevent the person developing the disease.

Vaccines contain either:

  1. A very small dose of a live, but weakened form of a virus, or
  2. A very small dose of killed bacteria or virus or small parts of bacteria, or
  3. A small dose of a modified toxin produced by bacteria.
  4. Vaccines may also contain either a small amount of preservative or a small amount of an antibiotic to preserve the vaccine.
  5. Some vaccines may also contain a small amount of an aluminum salt which helps produce a better immune response.

Please consult your doctor for more details.

There are two reasons for immunising every child in:

  1. Immunisation is the safest and most effective way of giving protection against the disease. After immunisation, your child is far less likely to catch the disease if there are cases in the community. The benefit of protection against the disease far outweighs the very small risks of immunisation.
  2. If enough people in the community are immunised, the infection can no longer be spread from person to person and the disease dies out altogether. This is how smallpox was eliminated from the world and polio has disappeared from many countries.

A number of immunisations are required in the first few years of a child’s life to protect the child against the most serious infections of childhood. The immune system in young children does not work as well as the immune system in older children and adults, because it is still immature. Therefore more doses of vaccine are needed.

In the first months of life, a baby is protected from most infectious diseases by antibodies from her or his mother, which are transferred to the baby during pregnancy. When these antibodies wear off, the baby is at risk of serious infections and so the first immunisations are given before these antibodies have gone. Another reason why children get many immunisations is that new vaccines against serious infections continue to be developed. The number of injections is reduced by the use of combination vaccines, where several vaccines are combined into one shot.

Many children experience minor side effects following immunisation. Most side effects last a short time and the child recovers without any problems. Common side-effects of immunisation are redness, soreness and swelling at the site of an injection, mild fever and being grizzly or unsettled. Serious reactions to immunisation are very rare, however if they do occur consult your doctor immediately.

Yes - All vaccinations that we provide reminders for are free.

At times you doctor may suggest additional vaccinations depending on the situation.

You can vaccinate your child at any local doctors or hospital.

Paramedics are also able to administer vaccinations for your child.

You child must be healthy to get their vaccinations. If your child is sick at the time the vaccination is due, you will be required to make a new appointment.

Vaccination Schedule

vRemind provides timely reminders for these immunisations as outlined in the IAP’s (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) comprehensive Vaccination schedule.

About the Vaccines

Polio is a virus that invades the nervous system. Initial Symptoms of Polio are fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness of the neck and pain in the limbs. 1 in 200 infections can lead to paralysis, which can also lead to death if the breathing muscles become immobilized.

Polio can be transmitted by person-to-person, spread mainly through the faecal-oral route. It can also be transmitted through contaminated food and water.

It affects mainly children under the age of 5. There is no cure for Polio only prevention. A series of vaccinations can be given to the child starting at birth and completing by 5 years of age at regular intervals as per the immunisation schedule. This includes at birth, 6th week, 10th week, 14th week, 9th month, 18th month and before 5th year.

There is two ways to have the Polio vaccination - one type uses inactivated poliovirus and is given by injections. The other option uses weakened poliovirus and is given by mouth.

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus. Symptoms of Hepititis B can include yellowing of the eyes, abdominal pain and dark urine. In chronic cases, liver failure, cancer or scarring can occur.

Hepatitis B is commonly spread by exposure to infected body fluids. It can be prevented through 2 vaccinations administered by injection - at birth and one at 6months.

Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affects the lungs. It is a top infectious killer worldwide.

Symptoms are often mild and can go unnoticed for months. They can include cough (sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats and fever.

Tuberculosis is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

The vaccine to immunise against Tuberculosis is BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin). It is given to the child at birth (or within 6 weeks) and helps to also protect the child from meningitis and malaria.

Diphtheria is a bacterial disease that affects the upper respiratory system causing a thick covering in the back of the throat. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure and in some cases death.

Symptoms include sore throat, fever, swollen glands and difficulty breathing.

TETANUS (Lockjaw) causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to “locking” of the jaw so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus leads to death in up to 2 out of 10 cases.

PERTUSSIS (Whooping Cough) causes coughing spells so bad that it is hard for infants to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for weeks.

It can lead to pneumonia, seizures (jerking and staring spells), brain damage, and death. Diphtheria Infants should get 5 doses of DTaP

DTaP may be given at the same time as other vaccines.

Pneumonia Infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid. The infection can be life-threatening to infants, children, and people over 65. Symptoms include cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills and difficulty breathing.

Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine. For Infants and Young Children. PCV13 is recommended as a series of four doses, one dose at each of these ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months 2 months
  • 6 months
  • 12 through 15 months

Children who miss their shots at these ages should still get the vaccine. The number of doses and the intervals between doses will depend on the child’s age. Ask your health care provider for details.

Rotavirus is a contagious virus that can cause gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines). Symptoms include severe watery diarrhea, often with vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Infants and young children are most likely to get rotavirus disease. They can become severely dehydrated and need to be hospitalized and can even die.

Rotavirus vaccine given in 3 doses at ages 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months.

Measles is a viral infection that's serious for small children. The disease spreads through the air by respiratory droplets produced from coughing or sneezing. Measles symptoms don't appear until 10 to 14 days after exposure. They include cough, runny nose, inflamed eyes, sore throat, fever and a red, blotchy skin rash.

Measles is seldom given as individual vaccine nowadays and is often given in combination with mumps and rubella.

Mumps: A viral infection that affects the salivary glands. Mumps affects the parotid glands, salivary glands below and in front of the ears. The disease spreads through infected saliva. Some people experience no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they include swollen, painful salivary glands, fever, headache, fatigue and appetite loss.

Rubella: A contagious viral infection preventable by vaccine and best known for its distinctive red rash. The disease can spread through direct contact with the saliva or mucus of an infected person, or through the air by respiratory droplets produced from coughing or sneezing. Symptoms often appear two to three weeks after exposure and also include mild fever and headache.

Measles mumps rubella vaccine (MMR-II) MMR vaccine is a live attenuated viral vaccine used to induce immunity against measles, mumps and rubella.

MMR vaccine given in 2 doses at ages 9-15 months and at 4 ½ - 5 years of age.

Typhoid fever is an infection that spreads through contaminated food and water. Symptoms include high fever, headache, belly pain, weakness, vomiting and loose stools.

Typhoid vaccine prevent Typhoid fever. Given in 2 doeses at the age of 2 years and 4 ½ - 5 years.